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This report contains graphic descriptions of traumatic experiences, often affecting children. Intersex people in the United States are subjected to medical practices that can inflict irreversible physical and psychological harm on them starting in infancy, harms that can last throughout their lives.
The results are often catastrophic, the supposed benefits are largely unproven, and there are generally no urgent health considerations at stake. Procedures that could be delayed until intersex children are old enough to decide whether they want them are instead performed on infants who then have to live with the consequences for a lifetime.
July 25, Video Video: End Irreversible Genital Surgeries on Intersex Infants in the US Doctors in the United States continue to perform medically unnecessary surgeries that can inflict permanent harm on intersex children.
Intersex people are not rare, but they are widely misunderstood. Biology classes often oversimplify a fundamental reality.
We are taught that sex is dimorphic: But sex, in reality, is a spectrum—with the majority of humans appearing to exist at one end or the other.
In fact, as many as 1. The chromosomes, gonads, internal or external genitalia in these children—intersex children—differ from social expectations.
Around 1 in 2, babies is different enough that doctors may recommend surgical intervention to make the body appear more in line with those expectations. Until the s, when intersex children were born, the people around them—parents and doctors—made their best guess and assigned the child a sex.
Parents then reared them per social gender norms.
Sometimes the intersex people experienced harassment and discrimination as a result of their atypical traits but many lived well-adjusted lives as adults. During the s, however, and based largely on the unproven recommendations of a single prominent psychologist, medical norms in the US changed dramatically.
In this report, based on interviews with intersex adults, parents of intersex children, and medical practitioners working with intersex people, interACT and Human Rights Watch document the fall-out from that medical paradigm, and the failure of the medical community to regulate itself effectively.
As detailed below, there have been changes in practice in recent years, with many doctors now advising against surgery on infants and young children. But even so, surgery continues to be practiced on children with atypical sex characteristics too young to participate in the decision, when those procedures both carry a meaningful risk of harm and can be safely deferred.
Some intersex traits—such as atypical external genitalia—are apparent at birth. Others—such as gonads or chromosomes that do not match the expectations of the assigned sex—manifest later in life, such as around puberty.
Information about intersex traits can be overwhelming. Healthcare providers are an important source of information and comfort amidst such confusion.
But in recent decades, many doctors have defaulted to advising early irreversible surgery on intersex children.
These operations include clitoral reduction surgeries—procedures that reduce the size of the clitoris for cosmetic reasons. Such surgery carries the risk of pain, nerve damage, and scarring. Other operations include gonadectomies, or the removal of gonads, which result in the child being forced onto lifelong hormone replacement therapy.
This history of surgery was also a history of shame and stigmatization. In some cases, doctors instructed parents to conceal the diagnosis and treatment from the child, instilling feelings of shame in parents and children both.The artists garden at giverny analysis essay Articles based on gender roles essay word common app essay word, good essay introductons essays on catherine the great donald draper illustration essay word essay on forgiveness drama personal reflection essay utilus essay writing service admission essay for university of minnesota.
The Reimer case had provided the culminating support for Money's approach, since Bruce/Brenda was a non-intersex individual who had nevertheless been feminized and had reportedly developed a .
Intersex people are born with any of several variations in sex characteristics including chromosomes, gonads, sex hormones, or genitals that, according to the UN Office of the High Commissioner for Human Rights, "do not fit .
The Ethical Care of Intersex Infants: Normalizing Genitalia at the Expense of Well-Being Alyssa Thomas - Brown University November 5, Online Archives Print It’s the first question new parents ask and the first question family and friends ask new parents: “Is it a boy or is it a girl?”.
In recent years, the activist organization, the Intersex Society of North America, 3 has had considerable success as an advocacy group for the medical rights of intersex people, and the medical profession has become more sensitive to both physical and.
Aug 16, · Caster Semenya And The Sensitive Question Of Intersex Athletes: The Torch Caster Semenya, the favorite in the women's meters, is controversial. The South African runner is .