A 2 day Personalized Experiential Learning Program that allows participants to identify, utilize and understand their responsibility towards statutory regulation and requirement in Occupational Safety and Health OSH and cause for accident occurs in any industry for any organization. The exposure to conduct initial hazard identification shall be based on the fundamental of OSH with legislative requirement and learn to create safe system of work in organization. Hazards in workplace can arise from a number of sources.
Back To List Abstract Cultural property management is entrusted with the responsibility of protecting and preserving an institution's buildings, collections, operations and occupants.
Constant attention is required to minimize adverse impact due to climate, pollution, theft, vandalism, insects, mold and fire.
Because of the speed and totality of the destructive forces of fire, it constitutes one of the more serious threats. Vandalized or environmentally damaged structures can be repaired and stolen objects recovered. Items destroyed by fire, however, are gone forever.
An uncontrolled fire can obliterate an entire room's contents within a few minutes and completely burn out a building in a couple hours.
The first step toward halting a fire is to properly identify the incident, raise the occupant alarm, and then notify emergency response professionals. This is often the function of the fire detection and alarm system. Several system types and options are available, depending on the specific characteristics of the protected space.
Fire protection experts generally agree that automatic sprinklers represent one of the single, most significant aspects of a fire management program. Properly designed, installed, and maintained, these systems can overcome deficiencies in risk management, building construction, and emergency response.
They may also provide enhanced flexibility of building design and increase the overall level of fire safety. The following text presents an overview of fire detection, alarm and sprinkler systems including system types, components, operations, and answers to common anxieties.
Fire Growth and Behavior Before attempting to understand fire detection systems and automatic sprinklers, it is beneficial to possess a basic knowledge of fire development and behavior.
With this information, the role and interaction of these supplemental fire safety systems in the protection process can then be better realized. Basically, a fire is a chemical reaction in which a carbon based material fuelmixes with oxygen usually as a component of airand is heated to a point where flammable vapors are produced.
These vapors can then come in contact with something that is hot enough to cause vapor ignition, and a resulting fire.
In simple terms, something that can burn touches something that is hot, and a fire is produced. Libraries, archives, museums, and historic structures frequently contain numerous fuels. These include books, manuscripts, records, artifacts, combustible interior finishes, cabinets, furnishings, and laboratory chemicals.
It should be recognized that any item containing wood, plastic, paper, fabric, or combustible liquids is a potential fuel. They also contain several common, potential ignition sources including any item, action, or process which produces heat.
These encompass electric lighting and power systems, heating and air conditioning equipment, heat producing conservation and maintenance activities, and electric office appliance.
Flame generating construction activities such as soldering, brazing, and cutting are frequent sources of ignition. Arson is unfortunately one of the most common cultural property ignition sources, and must always be considered in fire safety planning. When the ignition source contacts the fuel, a fire can start.
Following this contact, the typical accidental fire begins as a slow growth, smoldering process which may last from a few minutes to several hours.
The duration of this "incipient" period is dependent on a variety of factors including fuel type, its physical arrangement, and quantity of available oxygen. During this period heat generation increases, producing light to moderate volumes of smoke.
The characteristic smell of smoke is usually the first indication that an incipient fire is underway. It is during this stage that early detection either human or automaticfollowed by a timely response by qualified fire emergency professionals, can control the fire before significant losses occur.
As the fire reaches the end of the incipient period, there is usually enough heat generation to permit the onset of open, visible flames. Once flames have appeared, the fire changes from a relatively minor situation to a serious event with rapid flame and heat growth. These flames can ignite adjacent combustible contents within the room, and immediately endanger the lives of the room's occupants.
Within 3—5 minutes, the room ceiling acts like a broiler, raising temperatures high enough to "flash", which simultaneously ignites all combustibles in the room.
At this point, most contents will be destroyed and human survivability becomes impossible. Smoke generation in excess of several thousand cubic meters feet per minute will occur, obscuring visibility and impacting contents remote from the fire.
If the building is structurally sound, heat and flames will likely consume all remaining combustibles and then self extinguish burn out. If the fire remains uncontrolled, complete destruction or "burn out" of the entire building and contents may ultimately result.
Successful fire suppression is dependent on extinguishing flames before, or immediately upon, flaming combustion. Otherwise, the resulting damage may be too severe to recover from. During the incipient period, a trained person with portable fire extinguishers may be an effective first line of defense.
However, should an immediate response fail or the fire grow rapidly, extinguisher capabilities can be surpassed within the first minute.Home › Office Safety › Fire Prevention Strategies for Offices. Every terminal should have an emergency plan.
In case of fire or other emergencies, procedures should outline who is to call the fire department and how the building is to be evacuated.
COMMUNITY EMERGENCY RESPONSE TEAM UNIT 2: FIRE SAFETY AND UTILITY CONTROLS PAGE JANUARY CERT BASIC TRAINING: INSTRUCTOR GUIDE TRAINING METHODS As an introduction to fire safety, the instructor will describe fire chemistry and the classes of fire, emphasizing the importance of selecting the correct methods or agent for fire safety.
Introduction •Fire Tragedies – No emergency action plan or fire prevention plan. – No automatic fire suppression plan. Job Site Hazards and Controls •Fire Hazards Recognition: First Step •Eyes open to recognize fire hazards – Some hazards may be obvious, others take a.
1 Sample Written Program for Fire Prevention Plan Provided as a public service by OSHCON Occupational Safety and Health Consultation . A quality fire prevention plan is one that focuses on anticipating and preventing all potential fires from occurring.
Remember, the best way to keep everyone safe . They may also provide enhanced flexibility of building design and increase the overall level of fire safety. The following text presents an overview of fire detection, alarm and sprinkler systems including system types, components, operations, and answers to common anxieties.