Print Share Cocaine Common or street names: Cocaine C17H21NO4 is a powerfully addictive, psychoactive, stimulant drug. On the street it is usually sold as a fine, white powder. The powdered, hydrochloride salt form of cocaine can be snorted or dissolved in water and injected.
One of the most important steps in the recovery journey is understanding the signs, symptoms and side effects of barbiturate addiction. Cocaine use often leads to cocaine addiction and long-term use of cocaine can cause life-threatening heart conditions, effect the brain, and leave users emotionally and mentally exhausted and overwrought.
Two major forms of cocaine are available on the street: Each form of cocaine causes a different type of high experienced by the user. The high achieved by snorting powdered cocaine lasts between 15 and 30 minutes, while the high achieved from injecting cocaine is more intense, but a shorter lasting high.
Smoking crack creates a high that lasts 5 to 10 minutes. The duration of the high achieved by using cocaine in either form is relatively short, so many people who abuse cocaine do so in a binge and crash pattern.
This type of cocaine usage means that a user takes cocaine often in a relatively short period of time to sustain the high caused by the cocaine.
Cocaine Overdose. Cocaine overdose is the result of taking a toxic amount of cocaine either via injection, by smoking it, eating it or inhaling it into the nose. Cocaine has significant and well-recognized toxic effects on the heart and cardiovascular system. 7,16,20 Chest pain that feels like a heart attack is common and sends many cocaine users to the emergency room. 7,20 Cocaine use is linked with increased risk of stroke, 16 as well as inflammation of the heart muscle, deterioration of the ability. Weight Loss Meth suppresses the appetite and users who go on binges—doing Meth for days or even weeks—will eat very little. They’ll experience an unhealthy loss of body mass, muscle atrophy, and weakness as the body goes into a dangerous state of starvation and starts eating away at muscle and fat.
This type of behavior can lead to cocaine addiction. Cocaine addiction is a long-term, chronic, relapsing disease that is caused by changes in the structure and function of the brain leading to, among other problems, intense drug-seeking behaviors and cravings.
Cocaine works as a stimulant that affects the central nervous system by increasing the levels of dopamine, a neurotransmitter, in the brain.
Dopamine is usually released in response to a potential reward stimulus — such as looking at a great meal — then recycled back into the brain cell that released it.
This stops the signal between the two brain cells. Cocaine, however, disturbs this process, preventing dopamine from being recycled back into the brain cells. This causes large amounts of dopamine between cells in the brain, which increases the effects of dopamine and the manner in which the reward system in the brain operates.
Users report that they talk fast, think quickly, and feel their heart racing. They often twitch and forget to eat or drink.
That mood is prone to violent changes as they become angry or convinced that someone is out to get them. All of the good feelings caused by a cocaine high wear off and the crash that comes causes intense sadness and exhaustion that can last days. Only taking more of the drug can prevent these feelings.
Statistics Cocaine addiction statistics Cocaine use and abuse continues to be a growing problem in the United States and is considered to be one of the most abused stimulants in America. Recently, cocaine has been named as the drug most often involved in visits to the emergency room.
More men than women abuse cocaine each month.
Adults between the ages of 18 and 25 report higher rates of cocaine usage with 1. Cocaine has been and continues to be a growing drug problem in the United States. Causes and Risk Factors Causes and risk factors for cocaine addiction People try drugs for many reasons.
Many are curious and want to have fun.It is a powerful nervous system stimulant that causes a multitude of side effects and symptoms. In the United States, million people have admitted to using cocaine at least once per month in their lifetimes.
Long-term effects of cocaine use can lead to tolerance, meaning high doses and/or more frequent use is needed to attain the same level of pleasure during the initial period of use. Because cocaine has a tendency to decrease appetite, many . Chronic cocaine exposure affects many other areas of the brain too.
For example, animal research indicates that cocaine diminishes functioning in the orbitofrontal cortex (OFC), which appears to underlie the poor decision-making, inability to adapt to negative consequences of drug use, and lack of self-insight shown by people addicted to cocaine.
12 A study using optogenetic technology, which. Using Cocaine can change the structure and function of the brain which leads to cocaine addiction. When you use cocaine, it affects your central nervous system; as a result, the level of the neurotransmitter dopamine is increased in the brain.
This buildup causes intense feelings of energy and alertness called a high. Other short-term effects of cocaine may include: Extreme sensitivity to touch, sound, and sight.
the effects of cocaine and crack cocaine The effects of cocaine and crack cocaine contributes to drug addiction, numerous health problems, family disasters, and decisions that could be forever life changing.