The low value of the US healthcare system and analogous difficulties in other countries have elicited calls for bold action. Strategic action, however, requires a deeper than surface understanding of the problem. This is the first in a series of commentaries designed to help make sense of the problems and opportunities we face for understanding and improving health care and health. This series will address the following issues:
Comments iStock In the last 50 years, family structures have changed dramatically. Just half a century ago, 75 percent of children lived in a home with two married parents in their first marriage. In the last 50 years, family structures have changed dramatically.
Today, less than half of children are raised in such a traditional situation, and more than a third are raised by single parents. This dramatic shift from the traditional family structure to these fragmented families has gathered the attention of numerous researchers and now, after decades of research, some of the effects are becoming clearer.
One important finding is the effect of family fragmentation on poverty. A recent article by researchers from the University of Wisconsin-Madison found that a decline in marriage has contributed to an increase in poverty, even after controlling for education, age and population shifts.
The effect of marriage or lack thereof on poverty can easily been seen in single-parent homes. Generally single-mother families are more than five times as likely to be poor as married-couple families. But family fragmentation affects more than just income.
Research indicates that children of divorced parents often suffer from increased psychological and social difficulties. In short, research indicates that children who are raised by their married biological parents tend to have more favorable outcomes than other children.
Another reason to prevent further family fragmentation is to improve social mobility.
Generally speaking, the richest and poorest American families fall into two main groups: Both social groups are largely self-replicating — that is to say children from strong families with well-educated parents are more likely to form strong well-educated families like their parents.
Conversely, children from fragmented families with less education are more likely to be less educated and form fragmented families.
Hence it is much more difficult for children raised in poor, fragmented families to live poverty free in adulthood. So what can be done to strengthen families and reduce the number of fragmented families?
One avenue proposed by politicians is to modify tax and welfare codes since married couples often receive fewer government financial benefits than they would if they were cohabitating. An alternative strategy would be to provide marriage and family education programs. Started inthe Oklahoma Marriage Initiative offers classes to parents on topics including conflict resolution, co-parenting skills and financial management.
These classes are offered to unmarried expectant and new-parent couples and have seen a great deal of success. Couples that completed this program were 20 percent more likely to stay together continuously during the study than those in the control group. In addition to government programs, there are numerous nonprofit organizations that provide resources to strengthen families.
Inonly 5 percent of children were born outside of wedlock. Today that number has risen to 41 percent.
Decades of research have made it clear that children raised in fragmented families are less likely to be successful in a plethora of areas.As the 21st century approaches, the time and energy required for child bearing and rearing, the importance of intimate relationships, and the need for family policies that take into account the diversity and changing nature of American families will need to be increasingly understood and appreciated if our society is to survive.
Families are changing all over the world. What we see as a family some years back is different.
Modern Families And Traditional Families Sociology Essay. Print Reference this. Disclaimer: If you are the original writer of this essay and no longer wish to have the essay published on the UK Essays website then please click on the link.
|THE PROBLEM OF FRAGMENTATION||Sociological, anthropological, and historical perspectives Pre-modern families Early hunting-and-gathering societies appear to have lived first in small nomadic bands and later, in some locations, in larger, more settled, and hierarchically organized communities Wenke|
“During the Bush administration, Israeli-American dual citizen and Director of Homeland Security Chertoff mandated that American police forces be trained by Israeli groups in crowd control. Essay The Changing of American Families The Changing of American Families Television reflects how American families are viewed.
Leave it to Beaver and The Brady Bunch were the ideal families in the 's and 's, and in the 80's, it was Family Ties. More about The Changing Sturcture of the American Family Essay examples Effects of Changing Times on Families Explained in "The Changing American Family" by Beam and "The American Family Is No More" by Bidwell.
Mar 01, · The search for single sustainable solutions gets in the way of fostering development toward equitable, integrated, personalized, prioritized health care. Furthermore, the fragmentation of healthcare leads to a get-what-you-can mentality among all involved.