Recently spotted on Tumblr:
Black to white ratio data is computed from the five-year American Community Survey from the U. Census tract poverty rates are from the same dataset. Census tract shapefiles are via the U. Later, GM began to expand into the near suburbs, allowing white employees who lived in Flint to stay there and commute to work.
As such, Flint has taken a much longer, slower transformation into a majority black city. The mortgage crisis in the city has in some ways stabilized it demographically.
The Flint story brings into sharper relief the connection between economic inequality and racial inequality. They are really inseparable. It is class and race. While dismal poverty, hunger and employment rates are spread throughout the region, there are also distinct local factors at play, making it hard to gather a kind of aggregate, generalized picture at the region.
This area once served as the industrial heart of the U. Rail lines connected cities that were home to manufacturers of heavy industrial materials and large consumer products like cars and trucks.
Today, the goliaths of industry that once loomed large in these areas are mostly gone, leaving behind urban decay and blight. A shopping center with half vacancy in Toledo, Lucas County, Ohio. Population isand The loss of manufacturing jobs also meant the loss of power for the unions who represented those workers, leading to falling average wages.
One third of the growth of wage inequality over the last three decades can be attributed to their decline. Once-great cities like Buffalo, Cleveland, Detroit and Flint have all struggled.
While some have fared better than others, many are mere shells of what they were in the heyday of heavy industry.
Where workers could once find steady employment on a factory floor or assembly line, poverty and crime have risen and populations have declined. Shuttered train terminal in Buffalo, Erie County, N. But as manufacturing crumbled, so did the heft of these cities that once drew millions from the South, including many blacks fleeing Jim Crow segregation and violence, as well as European immigrants chasing the American dream.
In Pittsburgh, steel was king. The Kodak company in Rochester, New York, employed thousands before advancements in photo technology led to the company's demise. If they do, that really disadvantages a place like Flint. If you generate more resources through income tax, that can be more progressive in relation to how you fund schools or other types of services.
Erie, Erie County, Pa. Toledo, Lucas County, Ohio.
Population is 86, and Kirsten Anderberg, the author of "21st Century Essays on Homelessness" was homeless at age 16 and has experienced much of what she writes about.
Another possible reason for homelessness is domestic violence. Although it is usually considered that women suffer from domestic violence more than men, it is not true; as a result, a number of people of both genders prefer to live on the streets rather than stay in abusive relationships.
Re possible reasons for passivism: my personal one is that I had tried activism a few times over the years, and it backfired in various traumatic and unexpected ways, even though my words and actions were indistinguishable (to me) from those taken by other, much more successful activists.
The ethnic makeup of homeless population varies depending upon geographic location.”Homelessness and poverty are closely linked. Poor people commonly are unable to pay for housing, food, child care, health care, and education.
This is a free example research paper on Homelessness: Homelessness is a very huge problem that America has come to face.
Millions of people, including children, families, babies, veterans, and the elderly live day after day without food, water or a roof over their heads.
HOMELESSNESS: CAUSES, CULTURE AND COMMUNITY DEVELOPMENT | 9 behavior and cultural habits unique to the homeless community are acquired, making it increasingly difficult to reestablish themselves into mainstream society where the norms and .