For the evolution and key events of architectural developments, History of Art Timeline. What is the International Style? In architecturethe term "International Style" describes a type of design that developed mainly in Germany, Holland and France, during the s, before spreading to America in the s, where it became the dominant tendency in American architecture during the middle decades of the 20th century.
This style became the dominant tendency for western architecture in the later twentieth century.
Common characteristics of International style buildings are rectangular forms that have been completely stripped of applied ornamentation and decoration, visually weightless qualities, open interior spaces, and an overwhelming association with geometry.
Glass, steel, and reinforced concrete are the characteristic materials of construction.
The International style grew from three phenomena that architects had to deal with; An incorporating mix of decorative elements from different architectual periods that had little or no relation to the buildings functions, the development and use of iron, steel, glass, and reinforced concrete, and the economical creation of large numbers of office buildings.
These three phenomena basically outlined the search for an economical utilitarian architecture, an architecture that would use the new materials and still appeal to aesthetic taste. Technology was key in this transition from tradition. The availability of cheap mass-produced iron and steel ultimately rendered masonry construction obsolete.
The International Style was thus formed under the dictates that modern buildingsform and appearance should naturally grow out of and express the potentialities of their materials and structural engineering.
A harmony between artistic expression, function, and technology would thus be established in an austere and disciplined new architecture. The International Style grew from a small group of brilliant and original architects who went on to achieve greatness in their field.
Gropius and Mies were best known for their strThe International Style emerged largely as a result of four factors that confronted architects at the beginning of the 20th century: (1) Increasing dissatisfaction with building designs that incorporated a mixture of decorative features from different architectural periods, especially where the.
Published: Tue, 01 May From the s until s, the international style has gained its popularity globally, and it is expressed in all kinds of expressions, including the expression of volume rather than mass, where the spaces have more priority than the solidity of the building.
Architecture term papers (paper ) on International Style: Ryan p T International Style International style is an architectural style that developed in Europe and the United States in the s and.
Term paper The International Style of modern architecture was defined by its iconic steel, glass, and concrete forms. The International Style is a major architectural style that was developed in the s and s and was closely related to modernism and modern architecture.
It was first defined by Museum of Modern Art curators Henry-Russell Hitchcock and Philip Johnson in , based on . The term International Style was first used in by Henry-Russell Hitchcock and Philip Johnson in their essay titled The International Style: Architecture Since , which served as a catalog for an architectural exhibition held at the Museum of Modern Art.