Mukta dhara by rabindranath tagore

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Galle Road, Kollupitiya Kollupitiya: Each of its zones resembled a mini village, consisting of cinnamon or coconut plantations through which narrow cart roads ran. In colonial times, Mutuwal, Hultsdorp, Grandpass, the Pettah and Fort, in Colombo, were the main urban residencies and business areas where leading citizens lived, loved and traded.

Real estate in all these small towns of Colombo started booming with the demand for land and housing. It was amidst this backdrop that many prominent businessmen, traders, politicians, government officials, and professionals took up residence in Kollupitiya.

Kollupitiya (Colombo-3)

Consequently, the town, today, has become a very elite residential location as well as a lucrative and fashionable business emporium. Many are the luxurious manors and villas that stood in Kollupitiya in old times.

Some have been demolished for obvious reasons of expansion and construction. Some still stand in all their splendid majesty and grandeur. Gardens stretched out from residence to residence, lush green and perfumed with every variety of flora, manicured by careful and loving hands of specialist gardeners.

Tree lined avenues are still to be seen providing a canopy of shade, comfort and delight to the weary traveler. In recent times many such halcyon locations have given way to tall high-rise apartments housing families as well as office complexes, businesses, cinemas, casinos, markets and shopping malls.

Roads have been widened and the massive influx of people is now choking the small town with a claustrophobic aura that seems deathly. Every big city or town suffers this choking at some point of time in its lifecycle.

Kollupitiya was no exception. It was an urban village with some beautiful villas in gardens shaded by trees. The roads which ran through fertile cinnamon and coconut gardens were narrow cart-tracks.

The people were just a few. There was a small market place where people could buy and sell. Bullock carts, horse drawn carriages and rickshaws were there to give that simple place an air of complexity". Mervyn Herath, whose recently published book Colonial Kollupitiya and its Environs dips into a past when our colonial masters, the Portuguese, Dutch and the British reigned supreme, and Lankan society was largely feudal.

Mukta dhara by rabindranath tagore

During that nostalgic journey into the past, the writer also reveals a host of little known facts and anecdotes that add to the historical importance of his book. Many valuable extracts from the book have been included within this journey into time through the town of Kollupitiya.

Take the name 'Kollupitiya'. How many of us know for instance that 'Kollupitiya' traces its name to a rebellion that took place in Kandy in the late seventeenth century? Here is how it all began, says the author.

Genesis The year was and the king was Rajasinghe II whose cruel acts embittered by his subjects. Three Kandyan chiefs sought to slay the king and place his year-old son on the throne instead.

One of the conspirators was Udanuwara Ambanwela Appuhamy. When the plot failed, the king had two of the rebel leaders beheaded. However, instead of executing Abanwela Appuhamy, the most feared of the rebels, he handed him over to the Dutch to undergo what he thought would be a more brutal torture.

Instead the Dutch set him free. Ambanwela Appuhamy soon built up a good relationship with the Dutch who gave him a large plot of land by the sea where he grew a coconut plantation.

The former Kandyan chief then took the Dutch name of Van Ry-cloff and soon his expanding coconut plantation rolled over the ancestral farms of the natives who dared not complain.

They could only retaliate by calling the plantation Kolla-ke-pitiya meaning 'Plundered land'. It is said that the King had fled to a place called Nilambe in the Central province, a location overlooking the ancient capital city of Kandy. One piece of news on Nillambe that is already known, is that Rajasinghe II one of our most valiant kings had a palace at Nillambe.

This fact is mentioned in several places in Historical Relations of Ceylon by Robert Knox whose imprisonment in our island owed itself to this capricious monarch.

The remnants of some stone columns still stand in a thick bamboo grove flourishing in a plummeted valley where British tea planters had later grown tea, a site that cannot be reached by vehicle now.

Nillambe is also sited at the other end of the Hantane mountain range that overlooks the city of Mahanuwara or Kandy and the king would have fled to Nillambe along the mountain pass.

Mukta dhara by rabindranath tagore

Why did the king flee to Nillambe? According to other historical sources as well as according to Madyama Lanka Puravrththa' it was to flee the wrath of some rebel leaders.

The king had not been a popular one. Very despotic and capricious he ruled according to his own whims and fancies and his decision to suspend a long standing procession in Kandy had been the last spark to ignite the inflammable situation.Muhammad Macan Markar took a keen interest in the promotion of Muslim education and subscribed Rs.

1, towards the construction of houses, alongside the New Olympia Theatre at Darley Road, in a project that was estimated to cost Rs. 12, Tagore’s greatest play Mukta-dhara, which deals with the terrible inroads which the machine can make into the human personality, and with the ruthless technological .

Rabindranath Tagore () Greatest writer in modern Indian literature, Bengali poet, novelist, educator, and an early advocate of Independence for India.

Tagaore won . ज j. ज ja [jan] ifc. m. f. jā né, né de.

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जकार jakāra [(ja)-kāra] m. le son ou la lettre ‘ ja ’. √ जक्ष् jakṣ [red. ghas] v.[] pr. (jakṣiti) v[] pr. (jakṣati) pp. (jagdha) manger; dévorer; consommerजक्षण jakṣaṇa [act. jakṣ] n. alimentation, fait de manger; consommation.. जगत् jagat [red. gam] a. m. n.

The Origin

f. jagatī mobile, mouvant. Muhammad Macan Markar took a keen interest in the promotion of Muslim education and subscribed Rs. 1, towards the construction of houses, alongside the New Olympia Theatre at Darley Road, in a project that was estimated to cost Rs.

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