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Oedipus the King, lines 1— Summary Oedipus steps out of the royal palace of Thebes and is greeted by a procession of priests, who are in turn surrounded by the impoverished and sorrowful citizens of Thebes. The citizens carry branches wrapped in wool, which they offer to the gods as gifts.
Thebes has been struck by a plague, the citizens are dying, and no one knows how to put an end to it. Oedipus asks a priest why the citizens have gathered around the palace. The priest responds that the city is dying and asks the king to save Thebes.
Oedipus replies that he sees and understands the terrible fate of Thebes, and that no one is more sorrowful than he. He has sent Creon, his brother-in-law and fellow ruler, to the Delphic oracle to find out how to stop the plague.
Just then, Creon arrives, and Oedipus asks what the oracle has said. Creon asks Oedipus if he wants to hear the news in private, but Oedipus insists that all the citizens hear. Creon then tells what he has learned from the god Apollo, who spoke through the oracle: He must be driven out in order for the plague to end.
On their way to consult an oracle, Laius and all but one of his fellow travelers were killed by thieves. Oedipus asks why the Thebans made no attempt to find the murderers, and Creon reminds him that Thebes was then more concerned with the curse of the Sphinx.
It bemoans the state of Thebes, and finally invokes Dionysus, whose mother was a Theban. Oedipus returns and tells the Chorus that he will end the plague himself. He asks if anyone knows who killed Laius, promising that the informant will be rewarded and the murderer will receive no harsher punishment than exile.
Oedipus curses himself, proclaiming that should he discover the murderer to be a member of his own family, that person should be struck by the same exile and harsh treatment that he has just wished on the murderer. Oedipus castigates the citizens of Thebes for letting the murderer go unknown so long.
The Leader of the Chorus suggests that Oedipus call for Tiresias, a great prophet, and Oedipus responds that he has already done so.
Analysis Oedipus is notable for his compassion, his sense of justice, his swiftness of thought and action, and his candor. At this early stage in the play, Oedipus represents all that an Athenian audience—or indeed any audience—could desire in a citizen or a leader.
In his first speech, which he delivers to an old priest whose suffering he seeks to alleviate, he continually voices his concern for the health and well-being of his people. Sophocles seizes every opportunity to exploit this dramatic irony.
For example, when the old priest tells Oedipus that the people of Thebes are dying of the plague, Oedipus says that he could not fail to see this 68— Oedipus eagerly attempts to uncover the truth, acting decisively and scrupulously refusing to shield himself from the truth.
Although we are able to see him as a mere puppet of fate, at some points, the irony is so magnified that it seems almost as if Oedipus brings catastrophe upon himself willingly. For a moment, Oedipus takes upon himself the role of a god—a role the Chorus has been both reluctant and eager to allow him see 39—But in Sophocles’ play Oedipus Rex only hubris and free will are the uses of Oedipus’, who is the tragic hero of the story, downfall.
He was destined, according to Apollo the prophet, to murder his father King Laius and marry his mother Queen Jocasta. Evolution of Heroism: Comparing Qualities of Ancient Heroes Versus Modern Heroes - Heroes are prevalent in everyone’s life.
Whether someone’s hero is a living person or a fabled character from a movie, everybody has come into contact with some sort of hero. One of the main themes is the downfall of Oedipus and what the cause of this downfall is.
The main plot of Oedipus was well known to the Ancient Greeks before it was even written by Sophocles.
When Oedipus was born, King Laius and Queen Jocasta received a prophecy about their son (Oedipus Rex . Sophocles's play, Oedipus Rex is possibly one of the greatest tragedies ever written. It is the story of the downfall of a man.
When the play begins, Oedipus is an honored king, respected and admired by . Jul 31, · An Online Tagalog - English Dictionary Learn Tagalog or Filipino Language for free. Quick Answer. Oedipus' downfall begins as soon as he is left for dead by his father as an infant in a response to the prophecy that Oedipus would murder his father and marry his mother.