Literary approaches[ edit ] There are many approaches to the study of sacred texts. One of these approaches is to interpret the text as a literary object. Metaphor, thematic elements, and the nature and motivations of the characters are of interest in this approach. An example of this approach is God:
Literary approaches[ edit ] There are many approaches to the study of sacred texts.
One of these approaches is to interpret the text as a literary object. Metaphor, thematic elements, and the nature and motivations of the characters are of interest in this approach. An example of this approach is God: A Biographyby Jack Miles. Neurological approaches[ edit ] The temporal lobe has been of interest which has been termed the "God center" of the brain.
Scientific investigators have used a SPECTscanner to analyze the brain activity of both Christian contemplatives and Buddhist meditators, finding them to be quite similar. Psychology of religion[ edit ] Main article: Psychology of religion The psychology of religion is concerned with the psychological principles operative in religious communities and practitioners.
William James 's The Varieties of Religious Experience analyzed personal experience as contrasted with the social phenomenon of religion. Some issues of concern to the psychologist of religions are the psychological nature of religious conversionthe making of religious decisions, religion and happinessand the psychological factors in evaluating religious claims.
Sigmund Freud was another figure in the field of psychology and religion. He used his psychoanalytic theory to explain religious beliefs, practices, and rituals, in order to justify the role of religion in the development of human culture.
Sociology of religion[ edit ] Main article: Sociology of religion The sociology of religion concerns the dialectical relationship between religion and society ; the practices, historical backgrounds, developments, universal themes and roles of religion in society.
The sociology of religion is distinguished from the philosophy of religion in that it does not set out to assess the validity of religious beliefs, though the process of comparing multiple conflicting dogmas may require what Peter L.
Berger has described as inherent "methodological atheism". It may be said that the modern formal discipline of sociology began with the analysis of religion in Durkheim's study of suicide rates amongst Catholic and Protestant populations.
The works of Max Weber emphasised the relationship between religious belief and the economic foundations of society.
Contemporary debates have centred on issues such as secularizationcivil religionand the cohesiveness of religion in the context of globalization and multiculturalism. The sociology of religion also deals with how religion impacts society regarding the positive and negatives of what happens when religion is mixed with society.
At least one comprehensive study refutes this idea. Research has found that secular democracies like France or Scandinavia outperform more theistic democracies on various measures of societal health.
The authors explains, "Pressing questions include the reasons, whether theistic or non-theistic, that the exceptionally wealthy U.
Conversely, how do the latter achieve superior societal health while having little in the way of the religious values or institutions?scientific study religion in society Words | 7 Pages.
scientific study religion in society. This course can be seen as an example of a scientific study of religion due to the fact that throughout this course we have examined the study of religion as social scientists examining different aspects of .
CURRENT TRENDS IN THEORIES OF RELIGIOUS STUDIES: A CLUE TO PROLIFERATION OF RELIGIONS WORLDWIDE the wider study of religion as phenomenologist, historian, theologian, or whatever. From the perspectives of categorizing theories of religious studies, focusing on what religion is and does.
Tohono O'odham Religion and Rituals December 02, Tohono O'odham Religion and Rituals Himdag is a Tohono O'odham word that translates to "way of life".
The eight elements of religion are found throughout the Tohono O'odham past and present cultural beliefs. A Study of Candomble Sacrifice Rituals In Sacrifice: Its Nature and Functions, Henri Hubert and Marcel Mauss describe the rites and rituals usually surrounding sacrifice in a religious context.
They attempt to create a method for studying sacrifice according to the consecrating rituals that surround the act itself. Religious Studies examines beliefs, rituals, practices, and social structures from communities around the world.
Students examine the history and formation of these practices, beliefs and structures, as well as their reinterpretations over time. Essay Study of Religion Stud of Rituals Multimodal Presentation 11SOR Multimodal Presentation From its creation in the late 20th century the internet has become a part of our everyday lives.
In Catholicism, Confession .