Summary of history of english language

Germanic tribes settle in Britain, Germanic dialects push Celtic languages to periphery e. They cannot spell it because they had nothing to spell it with but an old foreign alphabet of which only the consonants — and not all of them — have any agreed speech value. India might no longer be able to read what USA English speakers write Main reason for irregularity is that many sound changes have occurred since unofficial standardisation of spelling Old and Middle English o Scribes used modified Roman alphabet to transcribe own speech or to copy from manuscripts o A lot of variation within writings of one scribe, and between different scribes from the same area sealm, selm, salm, spalme, sphalme, etc.

Summary of history of english language

Although it is generally accepted that English is not one of the hardest languages to learnits fast dissemination involves much more than this.

The history of the English language has traditionally been divided into three main periods: Old English ( AD), Middle English (circa AD) and Modern English (since ). Over the centuries, the English language has been influenced by a number of other languages. The history of the English language has traditionally been divided into three main periods: Old English ( AD), Middle English (circa AD) and Modern English (since ). Over the centuries, the English language has been influenced by a number of other languages. In addition, over 1, million (1 billion) people worldwide speak English as a second language. Many more can get by in English English is the main second language in India, South Africa and many parts of Africa and Asia. But - more and more - it is also the language of international commerce, of business, of diplomacy and of tourism.

It involves historical facts. The rise of the USA after the second Great War was the first step for an economic and cultural supremacy in the world. In addition to that, the technologic innovation in that period was also important for the establishment of the American influence worldwide and besides that, it was extremely important and necessary to assure that influence during the cold war.

English is the most learned and spoken foreign language in the world and the number of non-native speakers grow year after year.

In this article, we will explain how the English language developed through time. We will bring important facts, people and languages that somehow contributed to the evolution of the English, as we know today. Pre English Before the year English just like most of the European languages spoken today is a member of the Indo-European family of languages.

This immigration kept growing for centuries until the Roman occupation, which occurred around 55 BC. Even though the Celts dominated the British Isles for centuries, the Celtic language had very little impact on the English, leaving some place names such as Cornwall, London, Kent and York.

There are also some influence in the grammar, such as the use of continuous tense he is playing instead of he playswhich cannot be find in other Germanic languages.

Britain remained under the Romans control for over years and this domination had a huge effect on the culture, religion and social behavior of its population. However, the use of Latin by the natives was restricted to the members of upper classes in the society and the constant attacks from the Celts made the Romans give up on their permanent occupation plans.

The influence of the Latin from that time in the modern English language is also very limited. Therefore, most of the linguistic legacy of the Romans takes form in dozens of words, such as candel candleplante plantrosa roseport harborpiper pepper and others.

Old English (500 – 1100)

Old English — After the Roman withdrawal, a series of Germanic tribes, such as the Jutes, Angles, Saxons and Frisians invaded the British Isles and over time, they started to establish permanent bases. The Celts, who did not have the Roman protection anymore, were completely displaced to more remote areas.

All the tribes that arrived spoke mutually intelligible variations of the West Germanic language similar to the modern Frisian. The tribes settled in seven kingdoms and some evidences from that time can be found in name of places in England such as Luton, Reading, Nottingham, Bradford, and Birmingham among others.

Around the year AD, St. Augustine and his missionaries from Rome spread the Christianity through the whole England and not so long after that, the Anglo-Saxons adopted the new Roman alphabet with the addition of some letters for sounds that could not be found in Latin.

Once again the Latin language was restricted to both upper class and church members. During this period of time, important words such as fork, school, tower, paper, circle, bishop, priest, angel, baptism, monk and lily were included in the language. In the 10th century after years of invasions, the Vikings reached an agreement with the Anglo-Saxons and established the Danelaw, which was a Viking territory located in the Northumbria and Fast Anglia that least for decades.

The Vikings spoke Old Norse, which was a North Germanic language that heavily influenced not only the modern language but also the accent and the pronunciation of words in Northern England.History of the English Language English is an Anglo-Frisian language brought to Britain in the 5th Century AD by Germanic settlers from various parts of northwest Germany.

The original Old English language was subsequently influenced by two successive waves of invasion. In addition, over 1, million (1 billion) people worldwide speak English as a second language. Many more can get by in English English is the main second language in India, South Africa and many parts of Africa and Asia.

But - more and more - it is also the language of international commerce, of business, of diplomacy and of tourism.

SUMMARY HISTORY OF ENGLISH LANGUAGE CHAPTER 3: OLD ENGLISH * Old English is a first English language that spoken by Germanic tribes (Anglo, Saxons, Jutes, Frisians) from S until S. The history of the English language has traditionally been divided into three main periods: Old English ( AD), Middle English (circa AD) and Modern English (since ). Over the centuries, the English language has been influenced by a number of other languages. History of the English Language English is an Anglo-Frisian language brought to Britain in the 5th Century AD by Germanic settlers from various parts of northwest Germany. The original Old English language was subsequently influenced by two successive waves of invasion.

Cawdrey’s dictionary is full of interest, but an influential and authoritative dictionary was not to emerge for another years, until Samuel Johnson’s Dictionary of the English Language (). It took Johnson 9 years to prepare, and constituted a spectacular scholarly achievement as well as a milestone in the development of the English language.

Summary of "A History of the English Language" 1.

Summary of history of english language

History of the English Language The Importance of the Language: It is the means by which man communicates his thoughts and feeling to the others. History of English This page is a short history of the origins and development of the English language The history of the English language really started with the arrival of three Germanic tribes who invaded Britain during the 5th century AD.

English is a West Germanic language that originated from Anglo-Frisian dialects brought to Britain in the mid 5th to 7th centuries AD by Anglo-Saxon settlers from what is now northwest Germany, west Denmark and the Netherlands, displacing the Celtic languages that previously predominated..

The Old English of the Anglo-Saxon era developed into Middle English, which was spoken from the Norman.

The English Language – A brief summary of this beautiful and mysterious language