In Cuba, the species coexists with the American crocodile Crocodylus acutus. It is considered critically endangered and has a population of only about 4,
Farming and the Crocodile Industry Background Crocodiles have always played a part in human culture. While being worshipped as holy creatures in some regions, crocodiles were hunted for their meat, skin elsewhere. Apart from food, products were also used for medical, religious or decorative purposes.
The first records of commercial use of crocodilian skins are to be found in North America in the s. Right after the Civil War the demand for footwear in particular, but also for belts, saddlebags, cases and similar items, was high.
Thus, tens of thousands of American Alligators Alligator mississippiensis were hunted and processed in local tanneries. Since demand exceeded the wild alligator resource, the harvest was also directed to other species of crocodile further south Mexico and Central America.
Due to the presence of osteoderms bone in the belly skins of caimans, these species were not used. The effects of extensive, unregulated hunting were devastating for wild populations, with most populations being greatly depleted.
After the Second World War and during the subsequent economical revival, crocodilian skins were again in demand. In Africa, Nile Crocodiles Crocodylus niloticus were hunted in high numbers. In South America, the commercial hunting of caimans began in the late s, beginning with the Black Caiman Melanosuchus nigerwhose skin is regarded as the most valuable of the caimans.
When wild Black Caiman populations dwindled and hunting was not profitable, other caiman species mainly Caiman crocodilus in the Amazon basin were targeted. The skins of some species eg Dwarf Caimans, Paleosuchus spp.
However, this extensive, worldwide exploitation during the s, s and s resulted in the populations of most species being greatly reduced, and in some cases being extirpated from parts of their range. Modern crocodile farming With declining wild populations in the s and s, the concept of crocodile farming began to take momentum.
It was also at this time that many countries enacted legislation to protect crocodilians, and CITES was enacted to regulate trade in wild species.
Crocodile farming was seen not only as a way to reduce pressure on the wild populations, but also as a means through which commercial incentives for the conservation of crocodilians could be generated. By the late s and s many programs were being developed, based on the sustainable use of crocodilians to generate conservation benefits, including C.
Countries that are signatories to CITES, and which utilize wild crocodilian resources, must demonstrate that the use does not threaten the survival of the species non-detriment. This typically involves some sort of monitoring of the wild population to assess the impacts of use, and regulation of products in trade.
International trade in CITES Appendix-I species is prohibited, except for closed-cycle captive breeding which has been established without detriment to the wild population. Captive breeding facilities are established for a number of crocodilian species, including A.
Crocodile farming is a form of intensive animal husbandry. Raising requirements are similar for all crocodilian species, although some aspects vary and are species-specific.
For example, the Siamese Crocodile C. The latter is much more territorial and aggressive.
Unlike conventional domesticated animals, that are raised for their meat and leather is a by-product, the main product from crocodilians is the skin, and meat is a by-product. For this reason, care is taken during rearing to minimize damage to the belly skin, either from the substrate surface or from social interactions with other crocodiles.
The density at which crocodiles are maintained is reduced as they grow larger, to reduce interactions between individuals and to promote growth. Processing of skins The relative value of the skin of different crocodilian species depends on a number of factors.
The skin of the Saltwater Crocodile is considered the best in the world, as there is no bone in the belly scales, but also because of the high number of belly scale rows in the belly. That the species grows large is also a positive characteristic. Following removal of the skin at the time of culling, it is cured with salt - this prevents the skin from rotting.
At the tannery, the first step to converting the skin into leather is soaking, to restore the skin to its former state. Then the keratinous scales are removed, and a series of chemical processes are undertaken to convert the skin to leather, which can be dyed and made ready for manufacture into products see Fuchs These processes may vary according to species.
Although there are tanneries dealing with crocodile skins throughout the world, considerable expertise with the highest quality crocodilian leather products is in Singapore, Japan and Europe eg France, Germany, Italy.
International trade The current international trade involves over 1. Between andinternational trade averaged 1. The Global Financial Crisis resulted in reduced demand for crocodilian products generally, although the market for the very highest quality products remained strong.
In terms of volume, the main species in international trade and main producer countries are C. World trade s of skins in classic crocodilian and caiman skins, source:There are 13 species of crocodiles, so there are many different sizes of crocodile.
The smallest crocodile is the dwarf crocodile. It grows to about feet ( meters) in length and weighs Farming and the Crocodile Industry. Background. C. moreletii, C. acutus, C.
porosus and C. siamensis. Crocodile farming is a form of intensive animal husbandry. Raising requirements are similar for all crocodilian species, although some aspects vary and are species-specific. derived mainly from American Alligators, Nile Crocodiles and.
Two American crocodiles in river shallows - View amazing American crocodile photos - Crocodylus acutus - on Arkive. Two American crocodiles in river shallows - View amazing American crocodile photos - Crocodylus acutus - on Arkive.
Two American crocodiles in river shallows. Close Search Search Arkive. Species Places Topics For Kids For Teachers.
The American Crocodile is the most widely distributed of the New World crocodiles, distributed in the Atlantic from the southern tip of Florida and the Caribbean islands of Cuba, Jamaica and Hispaniola to the Yucatan of Mexico and south to Colombia and.
One of the primary reasons that the Crocodile Lake National Wildlife Refuge was established in was to protect and preserve critical habitat for the American crocodile (Crocodylus acutus)..
The American crocodile historically occurred throughout mangrove and estuarine areas of . Media in category "Crocodylus acutus of Everglades National Park" The following 35 files are in this category, out of 35 total.